Prosthetic (Prosthesis) dental treatment per the number of missing teeth within the mouth and their location; it’s one of the important and huge branches of dentistry, which aims to supply oral integrity by eliminating these deficiencies, not only aesthetic but also chewing functions, speaking properly and eliminating psychological problems caused by toothlessness.
What are the categories of Prosthetic Dental Treatment?
In general, within the treatment of prosthetic (prosthetic) teeth; we’ll group them as fixed, removable and implant-supported prostheses.
Fixed prostheses are a form of prosthesis made by taking support from existing healthy teeth or implants. These prostheses are fixed within the mouth with different chemicals.
Some of the commonly used fixed prosthesis types are often listed as follows:
Crown, also called veneer, are often defined because the removal of things that disrupt the integrity of the teeth caused by large caries and tooth fractures.
Thus, the integrity of the person’s teeth is preserved and also the functionality of the tooth is restored.
In addition, the spaces between the teeth is closed with a crown. Crown applications are made by fixing the veneer on the tooth after the tooth is slightly reduced.
Metal Backed Porcelain Veneer:
Although the outer part of this sort of prosthesis visible within the mouth is porcelain, the within of the coating consists of metal. Therefore, the sunshine transmittance is low.
Therefore, although metal-supported porcelain veneers are aesthetically beautiful, they’ll create problems in terms of naturalness.
It is not recommended to be applied on the anterior teeth of patients with high aesthetic expectations.
Zirconium Supported Coating:
Zirconium veneers with high light transmittance are the type of veneer that’s closest to the natural appearance during this respect.
In these applications, also called zirconium supported porcelain veneers, the visible a component of the tooth consists of porcelain and also the inner part consists of zirconium.
Composite lamina or ceramic crown applications are made without the need to chop back the tooth an excessive amount of. the strategy performed at now could also be cited because the abrasion of the tooth.
There is no metal within the lower part of this sort of coating. Ceramic coatings are produced from reinforced porcelain.
It is remarked because the foremost aesthetically advanced coating type. With this aspect, it’s frequently used especially for the restoration of anterior teeth.
In the bridge treatment applied in cases where one or more teeth are lost, healthy teeth next to this tooth gap are used as bridge pillars.
In bridge treatment, which could be finished different techniques like traditional, winged and suspended, a prosthesis is applied to exchange the lost tooth or tooth group. Thus, the functionality and aesthetics lost by the person are regained.
Implant is one altogether the foremost frequently used prostheses to revive the results of tooth loss. Different types of prostheses is placed on the implants made by placing the bogus body part within the jawbone.
Are used to replace missing teeth in patients who have had all their teeth pulled and lost all or an element of their teeth thanks to gingival disorders.
Removable prostheses, also observed as palate prostheses;
It are often drained two other ways, fully or partially.
They are prostheses made up of acrylic bases and teeth, which are designed with support from oral tissues for patients who haven’t got any teeth in their mouths.
Full dentures eliminate aesthetic concerns like inward shrinkage of the lips, dents within the lower a component of the face and aged appearance, especially in any case the teeth are extracted, both restoring chewing functions and providing patient satisfaction by putting an end to aesthetic concerns.
These are prostheses that are supported by both the teeth within the mouth and also the oral tissues, which are used especially in patients who do’nt have teeth to be used as a tough and fast prosthetic foot with the extraction of the posterior teeth, or who have too many missing teeth to be able to build a bridge.
What are Implant Top Prostheses?
Prostheses made with support from implants instead of natural teeth are called implant prostheses.
Fixed Implant Prostheses:
They are crown or bridge prostheses made with support from one or more implants and used as fixed by sticking or screwing. It’s placed within the missing area, especially within the absence of some teeth, preventing damage to the neighboring healthy teeth. These prostheses is also manufactured from metal ceramic or zirconium.
Removable Prostheses on Implants:
Implant removable prostheses are a kind of treatment with 2, 3 or 4 implants placed within the jawbone in complete edentulism. These prostheses are prostheses supported by both implants and tissues.
With fewer implants in highly resorbed jaw bones, it eliminates the matter of dislocation of removable prostheses.
The rapid development in implant technology and also the widespread use of implant treatment have provided patients with removable prosthesis comfort to switch to fixed prosthesis.
With these implant supported prostheses, called hybrid prostheses, prostheses that patients can use more comfortably are made.
Hybrid prostheses are prostheses that cannot be removed by the patient, but are often removed by the physician when necessary.